US Court finds host liable for copyright infringement


In Louis Vuitton Malletier SA v. Akanoc Solutions, Inc., No. 10-15909 (9th Cir. Sept. 12, 2011) the US Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals found that “providing direct infringers with server space” qualifies as a material contribution for contributory copyright infringement of copyright. In Canada, we have the concept of a “authorizing infringement”, but generally, a person does not authorize infringement by authorizing the mere use of equipment (such as server space) that could be used to infringe copyright (according to the Supreme Court in the CCH case).  “Authorize” means to approve, permit and encourage the infringement. However, a court in Canada may find that copyright infringement is “authorized” in circumstances where there is something less than less than direct and positive approval and encouragement, for example, if there is some level of control over the infringing actions. This concept dates back to early cases  from the 1920s (Falcon’s case) and 1940s where “certain mechanical contrivances” (transcription turntables) were used to copy musical recordings, and became the subject of copyright infringement claims.

Calgary – 07:00 MDT   

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